Nissan LEAF is a compact five-door hatchback electric car manufactured by Nissan. "LEAF" is an acronym for "Leading Environmentally-friendly Affordable Family car."
The development of the Nissan LEAF has an interesting history that is more than six decades long. During this time, it moved from prototype to limited-production vehicle and back to prototype again, until, in 2010, the LEAF as we know it was born. Soon after that, the Nissan LEAF became one of the leaders in the electric vehicles market globally.
First phases development began back in 1947 when Nissan built a limited number of Tama Electric cars. At that time, with the war just over, oil was hard to come by, and alternatives were being explored everywhere. The new Japanese government promoted EVs as one solution. The Tama was noted by the Japanese as being better than its specification sheet would suggest, having a cruising range of 96.3km and a top speed of 35.2km/h (60 miles and 22mph).
In the first decades of the twenty-first century, Nissan developed a lot of electric vehicles, most of which were concepts for car shows. In 2008, the aptly-named Electric Vehicle test line began, the first one being a test mule based on the Nissan Cube (commonly referred to as the EV-1). EV-1 was the base for the first genuine LEAF-like electric vehicle and was mostly responsible for the LEAF as we know it today.
Nissan Leaf won the 2010 Green Car Vision Award, the 2011 European Car of the Year, the 2011 World Car of the Year, and the 2011–2012 Car of the Year Japan.
From its first appearance in 2010 till the present, Nissan LEAF remains the most sold electric car globally.