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SUBARU

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This is all-wheel drive boxer brand. The Japanese brand, part of Fuji Heavy Industries is one of best-known car makers. Their staple is the all-wheel drive transmission and the boxer engines, present on almost all the current range of models.

Subaru is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster M45, or "The Seven Sisters" (one of whom tradition says is invisible – hence only six stars in the Subaru logo), which in turn inspires the logo of the brand.
Subaru cars are known for the use of a boxer engine layout in most vehicles above 1,500 cmc. Most Subaru models have used the Symmetrical All Wheel Drive drive-train layout since 1972.

Born in the '50s, when Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. was created as an aircraft manufacturing, sales, and maintenance company through investments from five companies: Fuji Kogyo, Fuji Jidosha, Omiya Fuji Kogyo, Utsunomiya Sharyo and Tokyo Fuji Sangyo. Two years later, these five investors merged with FHI and embarked on full-scale business activities of the FHI that we know today.

In 1954, The P-1, named the Subaru 1500 the following year, used the first Japanese-manufactured monocoque body. This passenger car provided good riding comfort and driving stability with its front-wheel wishbone-type independent suspension with a coil spring and double-action oil damper combination, and rear-wheel rigid axle suspension with a three-leaf spring and double-action oil damper combination.

The first model was launched in 1958: the Subaru 360. It was followed in 1966 by the first car powered by a boxer engine: the Subaru 1000.
In 1971, Subaru broke the tradition and put 4WD on a station-wagon: the Leone. Until then 4WD was limited to off-road vehicles. 
Subaru enters the North American market in 1977 with a pick-up based on the Leone model.

In 1988, Subaru Tecnica International Inc. is established. It undertook motorsports activities, including the FIA World Rally Championships, and the development and sales of specially-designed sports parts.

The first generation Impreza is launched in 1992 and becomes a well-known compact sedan and coupe using boxer engines and AWD. Subaru also establishes a presence in the World Rally Championship.

In 2007, Subaru presents the Boxer Turbo Diesel engine, the first diesel engine used by the Japanese brand. FHI marked its 60th anniversary in 2013.

 

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